A Close Look at the Brainwashing Industry in China: Revenue II (Part 3 of 4)
(Minghui.org) In part 2 of this series, we outlined four sources of revenue for brainwashing centers. These include government funds for construction and operational costs, as well as education and companion fees paid by Falun Gong practitioners' employers.
Below, we outline the centers' two other major sources of income, government awards for “successful transformations” and extortion of practitioners and their families.
Government Awards for “Successful Transformations”
One of the central tasks for a brainwashing center is to “transform” Falun Gong practitioners, i.e. force them to give up their beliefs. “Transformed” practitioners have to write one or more of (1) a statement guaranteeing one will not practice Falun Gong in the future, (2) an admission of guilt for having practiced Falun Gong, and (3) a statement renouncing Falun Gong.
Using the statements as evidence, a brainwashing center can claim a “successful transformation” and obtain a monetary award from the government. Below, we give four examples previously reported on Minghui.org:
In 2007, Lannigou Brainwashing Center in Guiyang City, Guizhou Province was awarded 10,000 yuan by the government for every practitioner who wrote the statements. 
In 2009, brainwashing centers in Beihai City, Guangxi Province obtained 15,000-30,000 yuan for transforming one practitioner. 
In 2011, the government of Hubei Province awarded the Hubei Provincial Law Education Institute 20,000 yuan for transforming one practitioner. 
In 2013, the Political and Legal Affairs Commission (PLAC) of Heilongjiang Province promised a brainwashing center in Mishan City 20,000 yuan for transforming one practitioner. 
The awards, averaging around 18,000 yuan, amount to almost twice the average monthly education fee a center can obtain for each Falun Gong practitioner (9,400 yuan). Thus, it is in a center's interest to achieve a high transformation rate in a short period of time.
In general, local 610 Offices set a goal of 100% transformation for the brainwashing centers. For example, the 610 Office in Liaohe Oilfield and the governments of Nanchang City, Jiangxi Province, and Hubei Province used 100% as their target. [82, 83]
However, since many detained practitioners refuse to write guarantee statements, the actual rate is lower. To claim their awards, brainwashing centers often forge practitioners' signatures on the statements and inflate the transformation rate in their reports to the government.
As a result, the reported transformation rate is usually between 90-100%. For example, the Laodaohe Brainwashing Center in Changsha City, Hunan Province, the center in Fushun City, Liaoning Province, and the center in Chengde City, Hebei Province all claimed a transformation rate greater than 90% for every “school” term. [84, 85, 86] Thus, in part 1 of this series (Table 3), we used 95% as the claimed transformation rate to estimate the total revenue from government awards.
Extortion of Practitioners and Their Families
In addition to charging practitioners' employers for “education fees” and “companion fees,” brainwashing centers often extort money from detained practitioners and their families. These arbitrary charges appear under a number of names, such as “education fees,” “living expenses,” “safety fees,” and “transformation deposit.” They are the same kind of fees that are charged to practitioners' employers.
When practitioners held hunger strikes to protest the torture, the brainwashing centers even required their families to pay a “force-feeding fee.” Sometimes, practitioners develop severe health symptoms due to torture, in which case centers require families to pay inflated fees for health care.
All other revenues described in this report are officially registered in the brainwashing centers' accounts. However, revenue from extortion is not, nor are receipts given for the collection of such fees. Since the centers control practitioners' terms of detention and can refuse to release them until the fees are paid, the practitioners' families usually have no choice but to give in.
For example, practitioner Huang Yanyun, a retired teacher at Dongfeng Kindergarten in Xichang City, Sichuan Province, was sent to Xining Brainwashing Center in October 2010. Thirty-five days later, the center asked her employer for a 5000 yuan “education fee.” Meanwhile, the center also extorted 1050 yuan and 100 yuan from Huang's daughter in the name of meals and utilities, respectively. 
In another case, Fu Yanchun, the head of Wuchang City Brainwashing Center in Heilongjiang Province, told practitioner Shi Mengchang, “We have all kinds of tricks to transform you. We can make you go bankrupt. Every day, we will give you 60-yuan injections and charge you 800 yuan. If you don't take the injections, we will hold you down and force you to take it. You will have to pay tens of thousands of yuan in a month.” 
The amount charged in each case is arbitrary and varies greatly based on practitioners' households.
For example, every practitioner jailed in Weifang City Brainwashing Center in Shandong Province is required to pay 2000 yuan each month for “living expenses.” Before release, they are also charged a “transformation fee” based on their income and “attitude,” ranging from 2000-3000 yuan to 10,000-20,000 yuan. There is no official paperwork recording this fee, nor are receipts issued. A previous report indicates that this money goes to the staff's personal accounts. 
In Liaoyuan City, Jilin Province, seven Falun Gong practitioners were sent to a brainwashing center in May 2012. On July 27, Pi Fuguo, the deputy chief of the Liaoyuan City 610 Office, charged each practitioner's family a 10,000 yuan “transformation fee” and threatened to jail the practitioners if the fee was not paid.
However, Pi warned that paying the fee still did not guarantee the practitioners' release, as they were also required to sign statements publicly renouncing Falun Gong. Pi went on to tell the practitioners' families, “you will need to pay 10,000-80,000 yuan extra as bail when they are finally released.” 
Practitioner Li Taohua, an employee of Gansu Qilianshan Cement Group Co., Ltd., in Gansu Province, was sent to Gongjiawan Brainwashing Center in Landzhou City in June 2012. Her term ended at the end of August. However, Chief Gong Manfu of Qilihe Police told her family that if they don't pay a 4500 yuan “education fee,” Li would not be released. Left with no choice, Li's family had to pay the fee and an extra 11,500 yuan “safety fee” to secure Li's release on September 3. 
Zhao Jiayu, a practitioner from Shapingba, Chongqing City, was arrested in November 2002 and sent to Geleshan Brainwashing Center, where he resisted transformation. One year later, the center told his family that if he doesn't sign the statements, they will have to pay 60,000 yuan for his living expenses and staff salaries.
Zhao paid the fee but was told that he still needed to sign the statements to free the center of blame from higher authorities. After he was released, the local government forced Zhao to sign a promissory note of 85,000 yuan, which he would have to pay if he was found to practice Falun Gong again. 
In Table 1 below, we list 77 extortion cases. Within this data set, the nationwide average term of each practitioner detained in a brainwashing center is 38 days. On average, each was forced to pay 7,256 yuan in undocumented fees. A simple analysis of the data shows that the average amount extorted increases by 844 yuan annually.
In parts 2 and 3 of this series, we reviewed revenues and costs in the brainwashing industry. More details about how the system allows officials to amass personal fortunes will appear in the next article.
1. 安徽淮南市政法委610头目勒索洗脑费2. Latest News from China - May 27, 20053. Atrocities Committed in the Chinese Communist Regime's Brainwashing Facilities4. Lanzhou Falun Gong Practitioner Ms. Zhang Guilan Abused Numerous Times in Gongjiawan Brainwashing Center5. 兰州市“法制学校”恶徒祁瑞军恶行6. Ms. Li Taohua Persecuted in Gongjiawan Brainwashing Center7. Atrocities Committed in the Chinese Communist Regime's Brainwashing Facilities8. Latest News from China - April 3, 20049. Cases of Persecution in Hainan Province10. 河北省井陉县残害法轮大法弟子的真相11. 山东蒙阴县宋增荣遭迫害经历12. Latest News From China - 09/15/200113. Non-Practitioner: Policemen from Pingshan County Public Security Department in Hebei Province Brutally Tortured My College Classmate, Mr. Ren Yinhai, in an Attempt to Coerce a Confession14. Latest News from China - 01/03/200315. Fascist-Style Brainwashing Center in the Capital of Hebei Province Continues to Brutally Torture Dafa Practitioners16. 大法弟子李清明三年多来遭受迫害的事实17. 河北省610恐怖机构下达密令鼓励犯罪18. 石家庄劳教所二大队恶警恶行19. Falun Dafa Practitioner Ms. Yang Xinglan from the Baoding Area of Hebei Province Dies as a Result of Persecution20. Latest News from China - April 21, 200521. Latest News from China - October 13, 200522. Ms. Yan Xiaoli Tortured in Brainwashing Center in Hebei Province23. 河北承德“六一零”头子杨树增恶行24. 发生在“文明古都”开封的流氓行径25. The "610 Offices" in Xinyang City, Henan Province, Conduct Illegal Brainwashing Classes26. 河南开封市追查迫害法轮功者法网恢恢公告27. 哈尔滨市直机关工委书记吴殿成践踏法律迫害好人28. 曝光黑龙江省建三江青龙山洗脑班罪恶行径29. Latest News from China - 02/27/200330. A Brainwashing Center Official Persecutes His Own Family Members31. Latest News from China - May 18, 200432. Latest News from China - June 5, 200433. 湖北随州市部份大法弟子被迫害的情况34. 湖北法轮功学员2012年下半年遭迫害综述35. Latest News From China - 12/26/200236. 湖南省长沙市捞刀河洗脑中心犯罪事实37. 中共邪党洗脑班是罪恶的私设监狱38. Atrocities Committed in the Chinese Communist Regime's Brainwashing Facilities39. Additional Persecution News from China – July 28, 2012 (16 Reports)40. Additional Persecution News from China – February 13, 2007 (33 Reports)41. 忆我们的好同修迟玉莲42. 沈阳大东区六旬大法学员堂堂正正闯出洗脑班43. 沈阳张士洗脑班内幕44. 内蒙古赤峰市610头目犯罪记录45. 济南法轮功学员盛乐民希望以亲身经历起诉江泽民46. Eight Practitioners from Henan, Shandong, Hebei and Heilongjiang Provinces Pass Away Due to Persecution47. 山东沂南县刘长德遭受迫害事实48. Ms. Zhang Rongqiu Became Mentally Unstable after Police Administered Her with Unknown Drugs49. 临朐610刘建国等歹徒绑架、摧残、勒索大法弟子的事实50. 山东莱西市高级教师王瑞香遭受的迫害51. 山东蒙阴县坦埠镇部份大法学员遭受迫害事实（三）52. 山东安丘市恶警近期犯罪事实53. 山东新矿牛荣田遭受的迫害54. Facts about the Physical and Mental Torture of Falun Dafa Practitioners in Changle Forced Labor Camp55. 山东省莱西市夏格庄镇法轮功学员遭迫害事实56. 山东平度法轮功学员杜俊芝遭单位不法之徒迫害57. Brutal Torture of Falun Gong Practitioners at the Wangchun Brainwashing Class in Zibo City, Shandong Province: Authorities Force Practitioners to Give up Their Belief58. 山东新泰市汶南镇610歹徒及公安恶警恶行录59. Recent Crimes Committed By Police in Juancheng County, Shandong Province60. Exposing the Inner Workings of the "610 Office" Brainwashing Class in Weifang City Shandong Province (With Statistical Data and Photos)61. 610 Office Persecutes Practitioner Zhou Shichun and Her Mother62. Changle Labor Camp in Weifang City Extorts Money from Falun Dafa Practitioners63. Latest News from China - January 29, 200564. The Ongoing Persecution of Lawyer Liu Ruping from Jinan City, Shandong Province (Photo)65. 中石化管道储运分公司恶人王立平恶行66. 曝光胜利油田恶警董宁恶行67. Additional Persecution News from China – August 25, 2006 (27 Reports)68. Practitioners From Weifang Chemical Fiber Factory in Shandong Province are Fined, Arrested and Sent to Forced Labor Camps69. 中共迫害法轮功学员的黑监狱——潍坊市洗脑班70. Shaanxi Province: "610 Office" and Hanzhong City Detention Center Torture Dafa Practitioners71. The Abuse and Persecution Suffered by Ms. Zhang Jinlan from Shaanxi Province Before Her Death72. 成都法轮功学员陈金华受迫害的经历73. 四川南充法轮功学员王安珍遭受的迫害74. Retired Teacher Persecuted for Upholding Her Beliefs75. Seventy-three-year-old Ms. Zheng Shuxian Poisoned in a Sichuan Brainwashing Center76. Ms. Liao Dailan from Chongqing City Forcibly Taken to a Brainwashing Center77. 我被四天三夜洗脑折磨重病老父被610扣做人质78. 揭开贵阳市烂泥沟洗脑班黑幕79. Additional Persecution News from China - July 9, 2009 (33 Reports)80. 湖北省板桥洗脑班的犯罪手段81. Black Jail Profile: Mishan City Brainwashing Center in Heilongjiang Province82. 关于通过“转化”对法轮功修炼群体从精神和肉体实行群体灭绝的调查报告83. 辽河油田迫害法轮功的主要凶犯于庆山等的犯罪事实84. 湖南长沙市捞刀河洗脑中心迫害大法学员85. 看透辽宁抚顺市洗脑班的欺骗与迫害86. 河北承德“六一零”头子杨树增恶行87. Mr. Shi Mengchang from Heilongjiang Province Persecuted to Emaciation88. 赵家玉在重庆市歌乐山洗脑班的非人遭遇
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