Ms. Liu Lihua is the retired teacher "Liu Li" mentioned in lawyer Gao Zhisheng's open letter to top Chinese officials Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao. Over the past ten years, Ms. Liu was detained multiple times, sent to forced labor camps, and sentenced to imprisonment.

March 14, 2009, was her last arrest. It came as she was passing out truth clarifying materials. The police detained her for six months in the Yantai City Developing Zone Second Detention Center. Her husband tried to visit her many times, but was not allowed to see her. Ms. Liu was sentenced to five years in prison in a secret trial, and taken to the Jinan City Women's Prison. However, the prison refused to accept her due to her poor physical condition and she was therefore released on September 30, 2009. Ms. Liu suffered severe mistreatment in confinement, and her health was damaged. She passed out in the bathroom on the evening of January 27, 2010, and died on the evening of January 28 in the hospital.